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heavy tanks soon fell from favour, with only 350 is-3s produced. armour units equipped with the t-54 tank achieved one of their greatest victories in april 1972, when the nva 203rd armored regiment attacked the arvn 22nd infantry division at tân cảnh, which dominated a main route into the city of kon tum. the new dome-shaped turret with flat sides was inspired by the turret from the is-3 heavy tank; it is similar to the later t-54 turret but with a distinctive overhang at the rear. it served as a basis for t-54ak command tank, with additional r-112 radio set (front line tanks were equipped with r-113 radio set), tna-2 navigational device, ammunition load for the main gun decreased by 5 rounds and the ab-1-p/30 charging unit, which was produced in small numbers.[16] the local anti-communist revolutionaries delivered one captured t-54a to the british embassy in budapest,[citation needed] the analyses and studies of which helped and spurred the development of the royal ordnance l7 105mm tank gun. the tank's suspension has the drive sprocket at the rear, and dead track. the first decision of the new designer was to fit the 100 mm d-10t tank gun with the stp-1 "gorizont" vertical stabilizer. to allow easier access during maintenance and repairs, it was decided to change hatches over the engine compartment. it was decided to increase the tank's battle capabilities by changing the tank's construction and introducing new production technologies. tanks with ukrainian engines took part in parade in peru (17. the battle of cuito cuanavale, another three t-55s of angola's 21st brigade were shot out by ratel tank destroyers armed with zt3 ingwe atgms near the lomba river. the trials found that such gearboxes were prone to frequent breakdowns in tanks. the israelis designated these tiran-5 medium tanks, and they were used by reserve units until the early 1990s.

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t-55l tanks were deployed during martial law in poland to intimidate the population and suppress overt displays against the communist government. during that battle, 17 m41 light tanks of the arvn 1st armored brigade destroyed 22 nva-tanks, 6 t-54 and 16 pt-76, at no loss to themselves,[21][22][full citation needed] but the friendly units lost 5 m41s and 25 apcs. abandoned iraqi army t-55 tank lies among the wreckage of many other iraqi vehicles, such as trucks, cars and buses, somewhere along the highway of death in april of 1991. t-54 tanks served in combat during the soviet invasion of hungary in 1956 and a few were successfully knocked out by the defending anti-soviet hungarian resistance-fighters and rebels using molotov cocktails and several anti-tank guns. during the battle of vukovar, where the jna grouped a large part of its tank force, a number were destroyed, almost exclusively by infantry-carried anti-tank weapons. they were replaced by the t-62, t-64, t-72, t-80 and t-90 tanks in the soviet and russian armies, but remain in use by up to 50 other armies worldwide, some having received sophisticated retrofitting. the new tank received night vision equipment for the driver and was designated t-54a (ob'yekt 137g). mm gun), protection and mobility for its cost of any tank of its time in the world.^ miller, david the great book of tanks salamander books london, england 2002 338-341 isbn 1-84065-475-9. this tank has also been retrofitted with the improved r-173p radio system. the cameras allowed battlefield observation and firing during daytime at ranges between 1. the tank was fitted with the new v-55 12-cylinder 4-stroke one-chamber 38. type 59-ii this is the type 59 armed with a 105-mm main gun, believed to be derived from the standard nato 105-mm rifled gun.

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    it was equipped with an opvt wading snorkel, the tsh-2a-22 telescopic sight, tvn-1 infrared driver's periscope and ir headlight, a new r-113 radio, multi-stage engine air filter and radiator controls for improved engine performance, an electrical oil pump, a bilge pump, an automatic fire extinguisher and extra fuel tanks. the hull machine gun was removed, making space for six more main gun rounds. in one case, a squadron of t-55s stopped the advance of a large jordanian column, with 19 centurions destroyed and up to 10 syrian t-55s lost in the battle.: main battle tanks of the soviet unioncold war tanks of the soviet unionmain battle tanks of the cold warmilitary vehicles 1945–1949hidden categories: cs1 uses russian-language script (ru)cs1 russian-language sources (ru)pages using isbn magic linksuse british english from february 2014pages using deprecated image syntaxarticles needing additional references from july 2009all articles needing additional referencesall articles with unsourced statementsarticles with unsourced statements from december 2010articles with unsourced statements from september 2016interlanguage link template link numberarticles with unsourced statements from may 2015articles with unsourced statements from october 2015articles with unsourced statements from august 2008articles with unsourced statements from november 2014articles with unsourced statements from october 2013articles with unsourced statements from april 2016articles needing more detailed references. the 1970 jordanian civil war, syrian tanks inflicted heavy losses on jordanian centurions. since 1974, t-55a tanks were equipped with a ktd-1 "newa" rangefinder and a tszs-32pm sight. these improvements make it a potent main battle tank (mbt) for the low-end budget, even to this day. the t-54/t-55 series is the hands down, all time most popular tank in history. along with standard tanks a flamethrower-armed version was designed (designated to-55 (ob'yekt 482)), which was produced until 1962. during the last four months of production, the new tanks were equipped with an l-2 "luna" infrared searchlight, a tpn-1-22-11 ir gunner's sight, and an ou-3 ir commander's searchlight. the old model of highly mobile medium tanks and heavily armoured heavy tanks was replaced by a new paradigm: the "main battle tank". tank was equipped with a full paz/fvu chemical filtration system. easter sunday, 2 april 1972, the newly activated arvn 20th tank regiment, consisting of approximately 57 m48a3 patton tanks (arvn regiments were equivalent to us battalions, and arvn squadrons were equivalent to us companies or troops)[24] received reports of a large nva tank column moving towards dong ha (the largest south vietnamese city near the dmz at the 17th parallel).
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    .-supplied m48 patton tanks, centurion tanks, and even upgraded world war ii-era sherman tanks faced t-55s.[19] another known tank battle occurred on 15 october 1981, when a large iranian convoy was ambushed by iraqi t-55s. the ammunition load included high explosive-fragmentation and anti-tank rounds and designers also planned to introduce the bk5m heat rounds which penetrated 390 millimetres (15 in) thick armour. t-55a tanks on the streets during martial law in poland. the tank had the front hull fuel tanks and bow machine gun removed. the tank was fitted with an external camera, the picture from which was relayed to a receiver in a btr-50pu command vehicle.^ thi, lam quang, hell in an loc, the 1972 easter invasion and the battle that saved south vietnam, university of north texas press, denton, texas, 2009.[24] the remaining nva armour, unable to see their enemy, turned about and withdrew.[35] nevertheless, multiple heat rounds were required to guarantee sufficient damage against a t-55's frontal arc[36] and sadf anti-tank teams forced to operate in platoons accordingly. writer (updated: 8/4/2016):The t-55 was a further improved version of the t-54 main battle tank series of 1949 intended to counter the new american m60 tank (based on a highly modified form of the earlier m48 "patton" series). learn more about historical tanks, check out:Historic tank profileshow m1 tanks workhow the u. design work on a new, heavier medium tank was started. t-55am2pb this is the t-55am2 with fire control improvements and the at-10 stabber antitank guided missile.
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    the new tank gun received the designation d-10tg and was fitted into the t-54's turret. the stowage tank contains 460-liters of flammable liquid, and each burst averages 36 liters. this eliminated the need for the tank to carry a tank filled with air. in the beginning of the 1960s, a t-55k was experimentally fitted with a uran tv relay apparatus for battlefield surveillance. after a two-day artillery barrage, eighteen t-54 tanks from the 203rd regiment attacked the 22nd division at dawn from two directions, breaking the arvn unit, which quickly abandoned its positions. this searchlight, however, is not a distinguishing feature since it has been retrofitted to many t-54 and t-54a tanks.-55 tanks have seen use on both sides of the 2011 libyan civil war, with anti-gaddafi forces either stealing them or having them contributed by defecting members of the libyan army. announced that several t-55 tanks used by isis in syria were destroyed in an air attack conducted by russia on october 5, 2015. late as 2013, ukrainian companies were reportedly developing t-55 main battle tank upgrades targeting the export market. 1943, the morozov design bureau resurrected the pre-war t-34m development project and created the t-44 tank. t-54 and t-55 tanks are outwardly very similar and difficult to distinguish visually. low turret profile of the tanks prevents them from depressing their main guns by more than 5° since the breech would strike the ceiling when fired, which limits the ability to cover terrain by fire from a hull-down position on a reverse slope. 62 although externally very similar to the type 59, this tank is in fact a scaled-down light tank patterned after the type 59.
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T-54/T-55 - Wikipedia

T-55 - Tank Encyclopedia

the t-55a served as the basis for the t-55ak command tank. for an american tank prototype from the same era, see t54 (american tank).[25] however, until 2nd may, 20th tank regiment had lost all their tanks by enemy fire[26]. this mix of israeli tanks, combined with superior planning of operations and superior airpower, proved to be more than capable of dealing with the t-54/t-55 series. produced 2,700 t-54a, t-54am, t-54ak, t-54amk tanks (between 1957 and 1966) and 8,300 t-55 and t-55a tanks (between 1964 and 1983; t-55a was probably produced since 1968). tank battles of the mid-east wars 1: the wars of 1948–1973. 35,000 t-54-1, t-54-2, t-54 (t-54-3), t-54a, t-54b, t-54ak1, t-54ak2, t-54bk1 and t-54bk2 tanks were produced between 1946 and 1958 and 27,500 t-55, t-55a, t-55k1, t-55k2, t-55k3, t-55ak1, t-55ak2 and t-55ak3 tanks were produced between 1955 and 1981. the t-54 was the first soviet tank able to operate completely underwater. upgrades include new engines, explosive reactive armour, new main armament such as 120 mm or 125 mm guns, active protection systems, and fire control systems with range-finders or thermal sights.[30] survivability of opposing medium-armour vehicles deployed by unita and the south african defence force (sadf) against late model mbts used in the angolan civil war remained a major concern throughout that conflict. it became the main tank for armoured units of the soviet army, armies of the warsaw pact countries, and many others. of the garant system installed in the t-55agm battle tank (20. the t-54/55 is a relatively small main battle tank, presenting a smaller target for its opponents to hit.

T-55 Main Battle Tank

the beginning of the 1950s, the personnel of the okb-520 design bureau of the stalin ural tank factory no. it was fitted with 460 litre tanks filled with flammable liquid instead of the frontal hull fuel tanks. t-54/55 participated in the biggest tank battle of the war in early 1981. a few answering shots from the t-54s fell short, and the nva tanks began to scatter.[42] during the ugandan-tanzanian war of 1978-79, libya sent an expeditionary force to aid uganda dictator idi amin, which included a few dozen t-54/55 tanks. this was a much better way to mount a flamethrower than in the experimental ob'yekt 483, based on the t-54 tank, where the flamethrower replaced the main gun. they are very simple to operate compared to western tanks, and do not require a high level of training or education in their crew members. many states have added or modified the tank's equipment; india, for example, affixed fake fume extractors to its t-54s and t-55s so that its gunners would not confuse them with pakistani type 59s. t-54/t-55 series of main battle tanks were descended directly from the famous prinadlezhit-chetverki, or t-34 medium tank, the soviet union's armored savior. soviet t-34 medium tank of the 1940s is considered to have the best balance of firepower (f-34 tank gun 76. some of these tanks were also outfitted with "boom shield" stand-off armor baskets on the turret. the drive sprocket remained at the rear of the design while the track idler was at the front with no track return rollers being used. the t-54-2 entered production in 1949, at stalin ural tank factory no.

T-54 and T-55 Main Battle Tanks 1944-2004 (New Vanguard

T-55 main battle tank technical data sheet specifications information

t-54 and t-55 have a cabin layout shared with many post-world war ii tanks, with the fighting compartment in the front, engine compartment in the rear, and a dome-shaped turret in the centre of the hull.[28] the nva destroyed 18 m41 tanks and 31 m113 armored personnel carriers and captured 17 other m41s, while losing only two t-54 tanks and one pt-76 tank. the main gun barrel protruded a distance away from the turret and was seen with a fume extractor near the muzzle. t-54 was built on the t-44 chassis and had a 100mm model 1944 main gun. produced thousands of type 59 tanks (based on the soviet t-54a) for the people's liberation army, which were used in the sino-vietnamese war, and sold type 69 tanks to both iran and iraq during the iran–iraq war of 1980-1988. it also has a basic load for the main gun of 43 rather than 34 rounds. serbian t-55s performed well against croatian m47 patton tanks.-54 this flame-thrower tank substituted a ato-1 automatic flame-thrower for the 7. omsk okb-29 group tested three experimental t-55 tanks (designated ob'yekt 612) between 1962 and 1965 that were fitted with an automatic gearbox controlled by electro-hydraulic systems. t-54/55 series eventually became the most-produced tank in military history. all t-55a tanks were equipped with the tpn-1-22-11 night sight. all this additional equipment made it necessary to decrease the ammunition load for the main gun to 37 rounds and eliminate the bow machine gun. all of these problems were corrected in the otherwise largely identical t-55 tank.

T-55 - Medium Tank / Main Battle Tank (MBT) - Specifications

Brickmania T-55 Main Battle Tank Review - YouTube

this is a common trait of most soviet tanks and hence height limits were set for certain tank crew positions in the soviet army, whereas other armies may not include crew member height limits as standards. produced 3,000 t-54, t-54a, t-54ad and t-54am tanks between 1956 and 1964 and 7,000 t-55 (between 1964 and 1968), t-55l, t-55ad-1 and t-55ad-2 tanks (between 1968 and 1979). 285 t-54-1 tanks were built in 1948 by stalin ural tank factory no. the t-55 has two-plane stabilization of the main gun rather than vertical stabilization only. this example has the fender machine gun boxes replaced with fuel tanks. the red army received a tank that was superior to world war ii designs and theoretically better than the newest tanks of potential opponents. t-54 and t-55 tanks are a series of soviet main battle tanks introduced just as the second world war ended. at about noon, the crewmen of the arvn 1st squadron observed enemy armour moving south along highway 1 towards dong ha, and concealed their tanks on high ground with a good vantage point. t-54b served as the basis for t-54bk command tank, which had exactly the same additional equipment as the t-54ak command tank. later improvements include the addition of a laser rangefinder over the main gun and the addition of side skirts. this tank is equipped with an additional command radio and long radio aerial. machine gun mounted in the bow plate were removed in the t-55a version to allow more room for main-gun ammunition. the t-34 evolved into the t-44 medium tank, which had a different engine, a torsion bar suspension system, a larger chassis, and a dome-shaped turret lying close to the hull.

T-54/T-55 Main Battle Tank | HowStuffWorks

the tank had a thicker turret casting and the improved two-plane gun stabilization system from the t-54b, as well as night vision fighting equipment. nva and arvn engaged each other with tanks for the first time during operation lam son 719, in february 1971. 1961, a t-55 tank was used to test the "almaz" tv complex, which was supposed to replace the standard observation devices right after a nuclear explosion or while fording a body of water. cuban and soviet sources maintain that they destroyed ten olifant tanks[40] and twelve ratels,[37] while south african and western sources maintain that only one olifant and one ratel were damaged, as well as one ratel being destroyed. the increased cruising range can go up to 715 kilometers with two 200-liter auxiliary fuel tanks which can be carried on the rear. waiting for the nva column to close to between 2,500 and 3,000 meters, the 90-mm guns of the pattons opened fire, quickly destroying nine pt-76 light tanks and two t-54 medium tanks. in october 1954 a t-54a tank, designated as t-54m (ob'yekt 139) served as a testbed for new d-54t and d-54ts 100 mm smoothbore guns and "raduga" and "molniya" stabilization systems, which were later used in the t-62. a marconi fire control system which was originally developed for the american light tank stingray was fitted. abundance and age together make these tanks cheap and easy to purchase., the t-54/55 tanks have been manufactured in the tens of thousands, and many still remain in reserve, or even in front-line use among lower-technology fighting forces. as in most tanks of that generation, the internal ammunition supply is not shielded, increasing the risk that any enemy penetration of the fighting compartment could cause a catastrophic secondary explosion. it was the mainstay of armoured combat units during the yugoslav wars, where it proved vulnerable to infantry equipped with anti-tank rockets, and to misemployment in urban areas and unfriendly terrain. this tank incorporates the tsfc 2-axis gun stabilization, a new type 70 gunner's sight, full active infrared night fighting equipment, and engine smoke discharger, an nbc protective system, and a laser rangefinder.

the main issue was a larger turret ring, which suggested slightly enlarging the hull. to increase the operational range, 300 litres (66 imp gal; 79 us gal) fuel tanks were added to the front of the hull, increasing the overall fuel capacity to 680 litres (150 imp gal; 180 us gal). during the battle, the iranians lost 20 chieftains plus other armoured vehicles and withdrew. soviet tanks were factory-overhauled every 7,000 km and often given minor technology updates. the t-55 tank remained the most common tank in the armies of the yugoslavian successor states until recently, and it was the most used tank by all armies during the wars. one t-55 tank fitted with this gas turbine engine passed trials but was deemed unsatisfactory and the design did not go into production. the 1973 yom kippur war, the t-54a and t-55's gun was starting to lose its competitive effectiveness relative to the 105 mm royal ordnance l7 gun mounted in israeli centurion mk v and m60a1 tanks. the t-62 and the t-55 are now mostly in reserve status, with all[citation needed] russian active-duty military units mainly operating the t-72, the t-80 and the t-90. starting in 1974, t-55 tanks received the ktd-1 or ktd-2 laser rangefinder in an armoured box over the mantlet of the main gun, as well as the r-123 or r-123m radio set.[37] on 9 november 1987, an engagement between south african and angolan tanks occurred when thirteen olifant mk1as eliminated two t-55s in a nine-minute skirmish. the track system was dominated by the five large road wheels with the front most pair set noticeably apart from the remaining four rear sets. t-55 main battle tank was basically the t-54 with a new turret and more powerful engine. improvements over the t-54 include a larger v-12 water-cooled diesel engine with 580 rather than 520 hp, and an increased cruising range of 500 rather than 400 kilometers (600 kilometers with auxiliary tanks).

T54/T55 Main Battle Tank

t-44, an unsatisfactory model, became the t-54 main battle tank when the t-44 chassis was equipped with a new turret and a heavier 100mm main gun. however, the t-54/55's first appearance in the west around the period of the 1950s (then the beginning of the cold war) spurred the united kingdom to develop a new tank gun, the royal ordnance l7, and the united states to develop the m60 patton. in 1970, new and old t-55 tanks had the loader's hatch modified to mount the 12.[34][38][39] t-55s again participated in a critical engagement near cuito cuanavale on 14 february 1988, when cuba's 3rd tank battalion counter-attacked to spare angola's 16th brigade virtual annihilation by 61 mechanised infantry battalion group and the 4th south african infantry battalion. in 1959, some tanks received mountings for the pt-55 mineclearing system or the btu/btu-55 plough. while the t-54/55 is not a match for a modern main battle tank, armour and ammunition upgrades can dramatically improve the old vehicle's performance to the point that it cannot be dismissed on the battlefield. advances in armour-piercing and heat ammunition would improve the gun's antitank capabilities in the 1960s and 1980s. the engine compartment and fuel tanks on the shelves over the tracks were armour-protected. due to the lack of a sub-caliber round for the 100 mm gun, and the tank's simple fire-control system, the t-54/55 was forced to rely on heat shaped-charge ammunition to engage tanks at long range well into the 1960s, despite the relative inaccuracy of this ammunition at long ranges. crew accommodations amounted to four personnel to include the driver in the hull and the tank commander, gunner and loader in the turret section. in)) it compared favourably with the is-3, thanks to its improved antitank gun and better mobility. to zaloga, "by the standards of the 1950s, the t-54 was an excellent tank combining lethal firepower, excellent armor protection and good reliability" [14] while remaining a significantly smaller and lighter tank than its nato contemporaries—the us m48 patton tank and the british centurion tank. the next page for specifications of the t-54/t-55 main battle tank.

T-55 (Main battle tank)

t-54/55 and the t-62 were the two most common tanks in soviet inventory—in the mid-1970s the two tank types together comprised approximately 85% of the soviet army's tanks. the czechoslovak version uses a laser rangefinder mounted over the main gun and a wind sensor. all t-55's mount an infrared gunner's searchlight above, and to the right of the main gun.-55a model 1974 this version is equipped with the ktd-2 laser rangefinder, which is mounted immediately above the main gun in an armored box. iran lost 200 chieftain and m60a1 tanks in the battle. the t-54-2 entered production in 1949 at uralvagonzavod, which produced 423 tanks by the end of 1950. 1959, it served as a basis for the t-55k command tank which was equipped with an additional r-112 radio set, an ab-1-p/30 fuel powered accumulator charging unit, and tpn-1-22-11 night vision sight. most of these tanks also received the same improvements of the t-55am2pb. t-55 was the most numerous tank of the yugoslav people's army (jna). in the beginning of the 1960s, the okb-29 design bureau in omsk was working on adapting the tank to use a gtd-3t gas turbine engine developing 700 hp (522 kw). t-54 main battle tank, more heavily gunned than the t-34, was supplied to a large number of military forces around the world. x 100mm d-10 rifled main gun (at-10 "stabber" atgm capability). t-54/55s have been re-armed with improved tank guns, aa machine guns, advanced armour arrays, and technologies, such as laser range finders and computerized fire control systems, that did not exist when the tank was first being built in the early days of the cold war.

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the tank was supposed to be equipped with the "rosa" fire protection system.-54 and t-55 tanks continued to be upgraded, refitted, and modernized into the 1990s. the tanks have good mobility thanks to their relatively light weight (which permits easy transport by rail or flatbed truck and allows crossing of lighter bridges), wide tracks (which give lower ground pressure and hence good mobility on soft ground), a good cold-weather start-up system and a snorkel that allows river crossings. ammunition load for the main gun was increased from 34 to 45, with 18 shells stored in so called "wet containers" located in hull fuel tanks (the concept for which came from kartsev's cancelled ob'yekt 140). it was fitted with a new 100 mm d-10t2s tank gun with stp-2 "tsyklon" 2-plane stabilizer. tank was heavily used during the iran–iraq war of 1980-88. 9 april 1972, all three squadrons of the 20th tank regiment fought enemy armour, firing upon tanks accompanied by infantry, again while occupying the high ground. t-55 main battle tank was a further upgrade to the t-54 series appearing in the late 1950s and intended to counter the new american m60 series. the 100mm d-10t tank gun of the t-54 and the t-55 was also more powerful than its western counterparts at that time (the m48 patton was initially equipped with a 90mm tank gun and the centurion was first fitted with a 20-pounder (84mm) tank gun). most of these vehicles were also retrofitted with the same fire-control improvements of the t-55am2pb, including the at-10 stabber antitank guided missile, the volna fcs, as well as the automotive and communications improvements.[3] its development never stopped throughout the second world war and it continued to perform well; however, the designers could not incorporate the latest technologies or major developments as vital tank production could not be interrupted during wartime. advantage lasted until the t-54 began to be countered by newer western developments like the m60 main battle tank and upgraded centurions and m48 pattons using the 105 mm rifled m68 or royal ordnance l7 gun. t-55 was significantly[citation needed] superior to the is-2/is-3/t-10 heavy tanks in many respects, including the rate of fire of the gun (at least four compared to fewer than three rounds per minute).